The use of scents for therapeutic purposes is not new and already used in the year 4500 BC in China. The ancient Egyptians also used essential oils, both for therapeutic purposes and for embalming. In ancient Greece, great physicians like Hippocrates and Galen used herbs and essential oils to treat their patients.

In medieval Europe, herbs and oils were often used to fight diseases, and the Renaissance, Queen Elizabeth I of England supported its use.

However, medical aromatherapy, considered the study of pharmacology and chemistry of essential oils, is of recent origin, but, nevertheless, has many adherents. Even in some countries like France and the UK have incorporated into their official medical systems.

The benefits of aromatherapy

Aromatherapy offers many benefits to having analgesic, antibiotic, antiseptic, astringent, sedative, expectorant and diuretic and can treat a wide range of symptoms and physical conditions such as gastrointestinal discomfort, skin conditions, menstrual pain and irregularities, stress-related conditions, mood disorders, circulatory problems, respiratory infections and others.

In addition to these physical benefits, aromatherapy also offers psychological benefits, as the volatility of certain oils or ease with which evaporates in the air has a calming effect that promotes relaxation.

Aromatherapy and its application

These oils can be applied, inter alia, through the following methods:

Inhalation The most basic method for the administration of aromatherapy, either directly or indirectly, is through the inhalation of essential oils. Several drops of an essential oil can be applied in a tissue and inhale gently. A small amount of essential oil can also be added to a bowl of hot water and used as a steam treatment. This technique is recommended to treat respiratory and / or skin conditions.

Massage directly applied. Usually, essential oils, when they will be applied directly to the skin through massage, diluted in a lotion or vegetable oil like olive, avocado or wheat germ before being applied to the skin to avoid an allergic reaction. In general terms, diluting a 2 to 10% of essential oil in the lotion. However, some oils can be used at higher concentrations, and others should be further diluted to a safe and effective

Aromatic baths. It is the easiest to use. A warm bath containing essential oils has a relaxing effect. When used in a bath, water should be warm and never hot to curb the rapid evaporation of the oil.

Hot or cold poultices. They are used for physical ailments especially for skin problems and to treat muscle aches. Also can be mixed with creams and lotions.

Internal Use Some essential oils can be consumed as a tincture or tea to treat certain symptoms or conditions. However, it is necessary to always consult a qualified professional before using it internally. Some oils, like eucalyptus, wormwood and sage, should never be taken internally.

Essential oils and their healing properties

  • Bergamot

Stimulating, refreshing, soothing, and revitalizing energy

Relieves stress, restores appetite and relieves depression and anxiety

  • Cypress

Purifying, soothing and invigorating

Calm the nervous system and relieves menopausal symptoms, allergies and stress

  • Geranium

Stimulating and balancing

Relieves PMS and depression, calms the nervous system and lifts the spirits

  • Ginger

Heat, promotes circulation, and relaxing properties anticatarrhal

Helps prevent and relieve sickness and travel sickness, stimulates the immune system against colds and flu, soothes the digestive system and improves circulation

  • Grapefruit

Relaxing, cleansing, stimulating, and balancing emotional

Allows regulate emotions, relieve stress and anger and helps fight colds and respiratory problems

  • Lavender

Relaxing, calming, balancing, purifying and harmonizing

It regulates blood pressure, relieves headaches due to tension or stress and is especially soothing for women after childbirth insect bites, burns

  • Lemon

Purifying, refreshing and stimulating

Reduces mental fatigue, relieves stress, stimulates circulation and improves concentration

  • Mint

Digestive, decongestant and antiseptic

It relaxes muscles and calms the stomach and gastrointestinal tract disorders, respiratory problems and stress. It is effective in the treatment of flu symptoms.

  • Sandalwood

Purifying, relaxing, balancing, aphrodisiac and decongestant

Calm the nervous system, relieves emotional problems, has a balancing effect on the mind, body and spirit, and calms the mind and prepares it for meditation

  • Rosemary


It relieves muscular and rheumatic pains and helps people with low blood pressure. Recently, brain scans have shown that the scent of rosemary increases blood circulation in the brain.

  • Ylang Ylang

Calming, euphoric, balancing, purifying, energizing and aphrodisiac

Useful in treating sexual problems, prevents hyperventilation, soothes anxiety, helps regulate the pulse, reduces panic attacks and relieves depression


It is advised that before putting essential oils on the skin test should be performed by applying a small amount of diluted oil behind the wrist and covering it with a bandage or cloth for a maximum of 12 hours. If irritation or redness, oil should be diluted further and a second test if irritation persists, should be avoided completely.

In the case of children, pregnant or lactating women, is necessary before using essential oils internally and externally, to consult a specialist in the field of aromatherapy.

Individuals suffering from chronic illness should inform the doctor before starting treatment with any essential oil.

People with asthma should not use aromatherapy steam inhalation, which can aggravate their condition.

Essential oils are flammable and should be kept away from heat sources.